Hall buildings in commercial construction - the right method for every requirement
When hall buildings are put to commercial use, a variety of construction systems can be considered. Various factors determine which of the variants, such steel-skeleton or ferroconcrete construction, is used for a project. Foremost amongst these factors are your desires for the building as well as the requirements that will be placed on a particular hall by its mode of use. Whether for a warehouse hall or an office building, in this domain there is a multitude of options available for the cost-effective implementation of any hall building. Commercial halls are often realised as steel constructions, but concrete and lightweight structures can also be considered.
What does a commercial hall cost?
Costs, both from construction itself and ancillary costs, associated with building a commercial hall are a function of various aspects of the project. Building size plays as much of a role as the method of construction, your ideas about architectural characteristics, and the prerequisites determined by the site itself. In industrial construction, as in production hall construction, the structural stability of the hall can be subject to very particular demands which, alongside the ancillary costs, are also reflected in the budget. A realistic summary of the costs that will arise for your project can be produced, in light of your specifications, as a formal estimate. We would be happy to produce this for your proposed project.
Construction methods for commercial buildings
Modern construction methods in the hall building sector mean that commercial halls can be manufactured in almost any imaginable size. A good example of this is the current record-holder as the world’s largest hall building. The Boeing factory in Everett, USA, ranges over 39.8 hectares of land, with a constructed internal space of some 13.3 million cubic metres. Even though this kind of scale most likely won’t be required for your commercial building, the various construction methods of the sector make it an option. Primarily the following construction methods can be identified in the hall-building sector:
- Concrete halls consist of ferroconcrete, integrated into the building either as prefabricated elements or poured on site. In this sector, we differentiate between joist-based and panel-based load bearing structures.
- Halls constructed with lightweight technology are an ideal option when cost is your primary consideration. Modern lightweight construction methods make it possible to build commercial halls optimised for budget efficiency in every possible way.
- Halls built with steel supporting structures offer a range of options from the perspective of both structure and configuration. Narrow cross-sections and the good structural engineering properties of steel enable broad open spans — as are often required in storage warehouses, workshop halls or assembly halls.
- Kit halls enable cost-effective construction because many of the steps in the construction process are standardised. For example, the halls boast pre-formed supporting structures and standard blueprints that simply have to be customised to your individual needs.
Roof structures and coverings for commercial buildings
The choice of roof covering and supporting structure for your commercial building is determined by several considerations. The roof is one of the most important exterior components of a hall building and can be viewed as a purely functional element, or as a medium for shaping the aesthetics of the entire building.
If your building is implemented as a steel-based hall then steel frames are also used for the roof structure. Steel trapezoid panels are a common option for roof coverings in such cases. Combining these with steel box panels for the walls of the structure allows for both architectural and structural unity in the finished building.
Fibre-cement corrugated sheeting is traditionally considered one of the classic options for roof covering. These resilient and quick-to-mount roof panels are nowadays available in a wide range of shapes and outer surface coverings. Autoclaved aerated concrete sheeting is an option when a commercial hall is to be topped out with a masonry-based roof structure. The good thermal insulation properties, as well as the fact that only few layers need be used, make for a particularly cost-effective roof covering.
Wall structures - a commercial building’s façade as its calling card
Commercial buildings are sometimes used as symbols for the prestige of a business. In such cases, the outer appearance of the building plays a considerable role. Extensive glazed surfaces, appealing door systems, as well as harmonious — or even deliberately arresting — architectural design all lend a commercial hall building its own character. Interior design must consider the division of social from working space, often making use of specialist noise-cancelling wall construction. The following are examples of materials and methods that can be used for wall structures:
- Steel box structures
- Masonry for wall structures
- Autoclaved aerated concrete sheeting
Examples of application
Unlike in industrial construction, hall buildings in the commercial sector and not used exclusively for product storage or manufacture. Commercial buildings also accommodate social spaces and lavatories, as well as office space. The commercial sector generally also encompasses hotels and restaurants, but the construction of these as hall buildings is less common. The construction method is most frequently used for the following applications:
Commercial halls are often designed as production halls and take into account the requirements of the company’s logistics and manufacturing departments..
When car dealerships are constructed as hall buildings, both functionality and form play an important role. This applies as much to external as internal appearance..
Workshop halls require a big internal surface area. Wide, uninterrupted spans are just as important as a structure that dampens vibrations..
Assembly halls must be generously sized, as well as be planned and implemented with functionality above all. Steel and ferroconcrete can both be considered for stable structures here.
Especially in agricultural settings, machinery halls are important structures, serving as large-scale garages. Large aperture doors and a stable structure, including collision resistance, are important prerequisites for such a building.
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