Wall structures in hall buildings
The choice of wall structure for a hall building must align with the tasks that the building is due to fulfil. The format and dimensions are just as relevant as the physical and construction technology characteristics. Function and form also play important roles in the selection of a wall structure. This applies to both exterior and interior walls.
Conventional materials for hall construction
On the basis of their appropriateness for the situation, various materials are used on a particularly frequent basis for wall structures in hall buildings. These include:
- Autoclaved Aerated Concrete
- Fair-faced masonry
- Steel-Trapezoid structures, single-leaved or thermally insulated
- Thermally-insulated sandwich panels
- Fibre-cement corrugated sheeting
In modern hall construction, systems based on lightweight sheets in the largest possible size are preferred. Steel sheeting, isolated or otherwise, is the preferred medium here. These can be mounted onto any substructure easily and without dependence on the weather on site. The outer surfaces are pretreated to a finished standard.
Sandwich panels are prefabricated roof and wall components that can be mounted on-site in a short period of time. As a rule, these components consist of two covering plates, screwed together securely with a pressed core made of hard-foam or mineral rock wool. The result is a cross section with a high degree of load-bearing capacity and good thermal insulation properties. The panels are affixed by screws to the substructure; for wall sections, covered-screws are often chosen.
The prefab component construction method gives rise to short construction times and high quality. Simply the use of wall panels also enables otherwise impossible design options. The panels can be mounted both on top of and between the struts and joists of the load-bearing structure. Hall construction serves to both structure the building façade and to form an important element of the design.
Large-scale walls in hall construction
Where the apertures in a hall building’s load-bearing structure are filled with materials such as autoclaved aerated concrete or masonry work, various things must be considered. As non-load-bearing elements of the structure, wall panels are placed under the strain primarily of their own weight. The wind pressures that arise are diverted to the weight-bearing skeleton of the building. The outer surface can be covered with fair-faced masonry or, alternatively, laminated. The connections between the wall panels and the load-bearing structure must be formed such that forces arising against the building are diverted appropriately. The various potential subsidences and changes in the building’s shape must also be considered. Reinforced steel is one kind of material used as an anchor, placed at regularly-spaced intervals to tie the structure into its bed joints.
Autoclaved aerated concrete panels are also very well-suited to use in hall construction, thanks to their good physical characteristics and capacity for varied application. The panels, in various formats, can be used as wall panels, lintel panels, or load-bearing wall boards in the interior of the building. The maximum wall height achievable with this component is 20m. They are affixed either between or in front of the load-bearing structural elements; various mechanical affixations are possible, both with and without grouting.
We are your specialist in all matters to do with hall construction and will be glad to discuss your building plans. During the planning process we can recommend the optimal wall structure for your hall, to align with construction methods, form and use of the building. Simply get in touch today and we can begin the process of making your hall a reality.
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